When a case goes through federal or state court, it is entitled to a review process called an appeals court. Cases tried in civil court are also eligible. The appeals court’s function is to reexamine the judge’s decision and go through the proceedings to find out if any errors were made. If the appeals court finds that an error contributed directly to a wrong decision being made by the judge, the appeals court is entitled to repeal or to reverse the decision.
The way this works is that the lawyers for both parties have to submit “briefs,” which are an explanation to the court of why they believe an error has or has not been made. Continue Reading